Zambia’s founding president, Kenneth Kaunda, dies at 97 Jun 18, 2021 0 391 12345 dpa LusakaZambia’s founding president Kenneth Kaunda has died of pneumonia at the age of 97, his sons Panji and Kambarage Kaunda confirmed to dpa on Thursday.Three days ago, Kaunda was admitted to a military hospital in Lusaka.Officials did not specify his illness at the time and little has been said about his treatment, but it came as the the southern African nation sees a climb in COVID-19 cases.A missionary’s son and trained teacher, Kaunda was considered one of the last survivors in the company of African independence heroes.Referred to by Zambians simply as KK, Kaunda ruled from 1964 until 1991. During his time in power, Zambia became a one-party state, effectively giving him absolute control. He adopted a nationalist-socialist ideology called humanism.Kaunda is applauded for building schools and hospitals - the colonial government made little investment in such areas. After retiring from politics he was also active in charity work through his Kenneth Kaunda Children of Africa Foundation, an organization addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic.The youngest of eight children, Kaunda’s father died when he was 8 years old. His mother was a teacher - a rare profession for Zambian women in those days.He started his political career as organizing secretary of the Northern Rhodesia African National Congress (ANC) in the Northern Province of Zambia.But in 1958 he broke from the ANC to form the Zambian African National Congress (ZANC). The colonial authorities banned it a year later, and Kaunda was imprisoned in the capital Lusaka for nine months.ZANC became the United Party for National Development (UNIP) in 1959.The following year Kaunda was released from prison and elected president of UNIP. He then stared organizing civil disobedience known as the Cha-cha-cha campaign.It was the philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi that made Kaunda become committed to non-violent principles.Using his rhetorical skills to appeal to the public, Kaunda won independence for his nation without resorting to violence in 1964. As UNIP president, he ruled Zambia for 27 years. Pages 12 RELATED ARTICLES Afghanistan sees highest daily rise in COVID cases, deaths Jun 18, 2021 0 2093 Chinese astronauts arrive at new space station Jun 18, 2021 0 344 17 dead across Nepal, Bhutan due to heavy rain Jun 18, 2021 0 347 Taliban ambush leaves over 20 Afghan commandos dead dpa Kabul More than 20 Afghan commandos have been killed in Afghanistan’s northern province of Faryab by Taliban militants, local officials said on Thursday. The elite forces were deployed to recapture a district .. Over 300 vaccinated health staff contract COVID-19 in Indonesia dpa Jakarta More than 300 doctors and other health workers have contracted COVID-19 in one Indonesian district, despite having been fully vaccinated using the jab developed by China’s Sinovac, an official said .. Bosses of pro-democracy newspaper arrested in HK dpa Hong Kong Five executives of the pro-democracy Hong Kong newspaper Apple Daily have been arrested for allegedly violating the controversial security law imposed by Beijing. Among them are publishing director ..