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Led by Sheikha Alya, intergovernmental talks on UN declaration conclude at UN

Led by Sheikha Alya, intergovernmental talks on UN declaration conclude at UN

qna
doha
THE intergovernmental negotiations on the declaration of the heads of state and government on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations (UN) concluded at the UN Headquarters in New York after arduous negotiations that lasted for nearly four months.
The first consultation session was held in February this year with the participation of all UN member states and resulted in drafting of the declaration, which will be adopted on September 21, 2020, at the high-level meeting of the UN General Assembly at the level of heads of state and government of member states.
Qatar’s Permanent Representative to the UN HE Sheikha Alya Ahmed bin Saif Al Thani, along with the Permanent Representative of Sweden to the UN Anna Karin Enestrom led the intergovernmental negotiations, mandated by president of the 74th session of the General Assembly, in accordance with Resolution No. 73/299 of 73rd session of the UN General Assembly.
Mandating Qatar’s permanent representative with this delicate task reflects the international community’s trust in Qatar’s role and ability to build international consensus on vital issues that concern the international community, thanks to the vision of Qatar’s wise leadership that has accomplished building a modern, developed and prosperous country which enjoys balanced international relations, based on mutual respect and cooperation to achieve the goals of the United Nations.
The UN member states attach great importance to this vital declaration as it comes after 75 years of establishment of the United Nations and reflects the orientations of the international community towards the desired role of the international organisation that derives its legitimacy from the member states’ commitment to the UN Charter.
The declaration also reiterates the principles and goals of the UN Charter such as promotion of peace and conflict prevention; respect for international law, rule of law and justice; promotion of human rights and sustainable development of peoples; guaranteeing equality between states in terms of sovereignty and independence; respect for territorial integrity of states; non-interference in country’s internal affairs and peaceful conflict resolution.
The declaration affirms that the principles of the UN Charter remain timeless, universal and an indispensable foundation for a more peaceful, prosperous and just world, and that member states must abide by the international agreements they have entered into and the commitments they have made.
The declaration refers to the commitment of heads of states to promoting peace, preventing conflict and ending threats to international peace and security urgently through peaceful means, abiding by the charter, principles of international law and relevant resolutions of the Security Council.
The declaration calls on the UN secretary-general to reinforce the necessary toolbox to prevent outbreak of hostilities on land, at sea, in space and in cyberspace. It also expresses full support for the secretary-general’s initiative for a global ceasefire and respect for international humanitarian law. To build, keep and sustain peace is now one of the main responsibilities of the United Nations, according to the declaration.
Regarding the COVID-19 pandemic, the declaration indicates that challenges are interconnected and can only be addressed through reinvigorated multi-lateralism, and that the pandemic is the largest global challenge in the history of the United Nations, as it has not only caused death and serious illness, but also global economic recession, increased poverty, anxiety, and fear, put enormous pressure on our societies, economies and health systems and harmed the most vulnerable countries.
Furthermore, the declaration emphasises the role of women and youth for peace and development, and that they should not be sidelined and their meaningful engagement in all aspects of life must be enhanced. It also addresses all fundamental issues affecting humanity, and pledges to enhance partnership and cooperation to address them, in line with the spirit and message of the United Nations Charter.
In its conclusion, the declaration stresses that the sustainability of the planet will be achieved only through reinvigorated global action and by building on the progress achieved in the last 75 years, since the founding of the United Nations. “To achieve this, we will mobilise resources, strengthen our efforts and show unprecedented political will and leadership. We will work together with partners to strengthen coordination and global governance for the common future of present and coming generations,” according to the declaration.
The president of the United Nations General Assembly announced that consensus has been achieved among member states on the declaration and it will be finalised at the high-level meeting of UNGA in September.

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